Chitral additionally spelled Chetrar, deciphered as field, is the capital of the Chitral District, arranged on the western bank of the Chitral River (likewise called Kunar River), in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. It additionally filled in as the capital of the royal province of Chitral until 1969. The town is at the foot of Tirich Mir, the most elevated pinnacle of the Hindu Kush, which is 25,289 ft (7,708 m) high. It has a populace of 20,000.The rise of the valley is 3,700 ft (1,100 m).
The whole locale that presently frames the Chitral District was a completely autonomous government until 1895, when the British arranged an auxiliary collusion with its inherited ruler, the Mehtar, under which Chitral turned into a royal state, still sovereign yet subject to the suzerainty of the British Raj. Chitral held a comparable status even after its increase to Pakistan in 1969, however was totally joined into Pakistan and turned into a managerial region of Pakistan in 1969.
Nothing conclusive is recorded about the town’s first pioneers. In the third century, Kanishka, the Buddhist leader of the Kushan domain, involved Chitral. In the fourth century, the Chinese overran the valley. Raees rule over Chitral started in 1320 and reached an end in the fifteenth century. From 1571 onwards Chitral was the territory of the Kator Dynasty until 1969.
Geography and access
The City has a normal height of 1,500 m (4,921 ft). The simplest access to Chitral, by some other means than air, is from the southwest along the Kunar Valley. Anyway the Afghan-Pakistan outskirt (Durand Line) and cross fringe pressures keep this from being utilized as an inner course to the remainder of Pakistan. There are different courses over the high mountain goes; toward the south, the 3,200-meter (10,500 ft) Lowari Pass leads 365 kilometers (227 mi) to Peshawar. In the north, the simplest course during summer keeps running over the 3,798-meter (12,461 ft) Broghol pass. Toward the east, there is a 405 kilometers (252 mi) course to Gilgit over the 3,719-meter (12,201 ft) Shandur Pass. The region is cut off by snow from the remainder of the nation for as long as a half year a year, an issue destined to be eased by the consummation of the Lowari Tunnel.
Starting at July 2011, the number of inhabitants in the city is over 19,700.
Kohwari, is the most broadly communicated in language. Other seven communicated in dialects are; Burushaski, Shina, Yidgha, Tajiki, Pashayi, Pashto, Yidgha, Gojri.
English. Urdu and Pushto, are additionally spoken